Academic articles

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Czechowski, P., de Lange, M., Heldsinger, M., Rayment, W., Hepburn, C., Ladds, M., & Knapp, M. (2024). Environmental DNA needs reference data to inform taxonomy-based conservation policy–A case study from Aotearoa/New Zealand. Authorea Preprints.

Adams, C. I., Hepburn, C., Jeunen, G. J., Cross, H., Taylor, H. R., Gemmell, N. J., Bunce, M. & Knapp, M. (2023). Environmental DNA reflects common haplotypic variation. Environmental DNA, 5(5), 906-919.

Adams, C. I., Jeunen, G. J., Cross, H., Taylor, H. R., Bagnaro, A., Currie, K., Hepburn, C., Gemmell, N.J., Urban, L., Baltar, F. & Knapp, M. (2023). Environmental DNA metabarcoding describes biodiversity across marine gradients. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 80(4), 953-971.

Cornwall, C. E., Nelson, W. A., Aguirre, J. D., Blain, C. O., Coyle, L., D’Archino, R., Desmond, M.J., Hepburn, C.D., Liggins, L., Shears, N.T. & Thomsen, M. S. (2023). Predicting the impacts of climate change on New Zealand’s seaweed-based ecosystems. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 1-27.

Heldsinger, M., Hepburn, C., Jowett, T., & Rayment, W. (2023). Small marine reserves provide conservation benefits for coastal sharks in southern New Zealand. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 33(2), 144-159.

Kluibenschedl, A., Cornwall, C. E., Nelson, W. A., Lamare, M., Pritchard, D. W., & Hepburn, C. D. (2023). Interactive effects of ocean acidification and water flow on growth and recruitment of early successional coralline algal communities. Phycologia, 62(6), 637-647.

Ryder, F. J., Gnanalingam, G., Pritchard, D. W., Rayment, W. J., Scott, N. J., & Hepburn, C. D. (2023). Drivers of fishery status for the cultural keystone pāua (Haliotis iris) in Customary fishery Protection Areas in Aotearoa New Zealand. Fisheries Research, 261, 106613.

Twist, B. A., Rowden, A. A., Hepburn, C. D., & Nelson, W. A. (2023). The role of environmental variables in shaping temperate coralline algae communities across large spatial scales. Phycologia, 62(6), 535-550.

Bennett-Jones, L., Gnanalingam, G., Flack, B., Scott, N. J., Chambers, P., & Hepburn, C. (2022). Constraints to effective comanagement of New Zealand’s customary fisheries: experiences of the East Otago Taiāpure. Ecology and Society, 27(4).

Le, D. M., Desmond, M. J., Pritchard, D. W., & Hepburn, C. D. (2022). Effect of temperature on sporulation and spore development of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera). Plos one, 17(12), e0278268.

Le, D. M., Desmond, M. J., Buschmann, A. H., Pritchard, D. W., Camus, C., Hurd, C. L., & Hepburn, C. D. (2022). Reproduction, hatchery and culture applications for the giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera): a methodological appraisal. Applied Phycology, 3(1), 368-382.

Bennett-Jones, L., Gnanalingam, G., Flack, B., Scott, N., Pritchard, D., Moller, H., & Hepburn, C. (2021). Translocation of black foot pāua (Haliotis iris) in a customary fishery management area: transformation from top-down management to kaitiakitanga (local guardianship) of a cultural keystone. Pacific Conservation Biology, 27(4), 402-417.

Gnanalingam, G., Pritchard, D. W., Richards, D. K., Subritzky, P., Flack, B., & Hepburn, C. D. (2021). Local management to support local fisheries: Rāhui (temporary closure) and bag limits for blackfoot abalone (Haliotis iris) in southern New Zealand. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 31(9), 2320-2333.

Kluibenschedl, A., Lamare, M. D., Nelson, W. A., Barr, N. G., & Hepburn, C. D. (2021). Low irradiance amplifies negative effects of ocean acidification on recruitment of coralline algae communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 674, 103-113.

Watson, M. S., Jackson, A. M., Lloyd-Smith, G., & Hepburn, C. D. (2021). Comparing the marine protected area network planning process in British Columbia, Canada and New Zealand–Planning for cooperative partnerships with indigenous communities. Marine Policy, 125, 104386.

Twist, B. A., Kluibenschedl, A., Pritchard, D., Desmond, M. J., Archino, R. D., Nelson, W. A., & Hepburn, C. D. (2020). Biomass and species richness relationships in macroalgal communities that span intertidal and subtidal zones. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 654, 67-78.

Twigg, I. M., Baltar, F., Hall, J. R., & Hepburn, C. D. (2020). Revealing hydrogen peroxide as an external stressor in macrophyte-dominated coastal ecosystems. Oecologia, 193, 583-591.

Housiaux, J. A., Hepburn, C. D., & Rayment, W. J. (2019). Seasonal variation in occurrence of the sevengill shark, Notorynchus cepedianus, in two inshore habitats of southern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology46(1), 48-60.

Desmond, M. J., Pajusalu, L., Pritchard, D. W., Stephens, T. A., & Hepburn, C. D. (2019). Whole community estimates of macroalgal pigment concentration within two southern New Zealand kelp forests. Journal of phycology.

Hepburn, C. D., Jackson, A. M., Pritchard, D. W., Scott, N., Vanderburg, P. H., & Flack, B. (2019). Challenges to traditional management of connected ecosystems within a fractured regulatory landscape: A case study from southern New Zealand. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems.

Hepburn, C. D. (2019). 9 Local, community-led interventions to address global-scale problems and environmental extremes in coastal ecosystems. Marine Extremes: Ocean Safety, Marine Health and the Blue Economy.

Salinger, J. M., Renwick, J., Behrens, E., Mullan, A. B., Diamond, H. J., Sirguey, P., … & Fitzharris, B. B. (2019). The unprecedented coupled ocean-atmosphere summer heatwave in the New Zealand region 2017/18: drivers, mechanisms and impacts. Environ. Res. Lett14, 044023.

Stephens, T. A., Desmond, M. J., & Hepburn, C. D. (2019). Biomass across space and tide: architecture of a kelp bed with implications for the abiotic environment. Hydrobiologia827(1), 391-404.

Button, C., Button, A., Jackson, A.-M., Cotter, J., & Maraj, B. (2019). Teaching Water Skills for Life to children in open water environments. In S. Mandic & K. Coppell (Eds.), Proceedings of The Active Living and Environment Symposium (TALES): Linking Transport, Health and Sustainability. (pp. 41). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

Jackson, A. M., Philips, C., Cunningham, C., Mita, N., McKinlay, P., & Pickery, J. J. (2018). Wāhine Māori Reflections on Wai. Junctures: The Journal for Thematic Dialogue, (19).

Jackson, A. M., Hepburn, C. D., & Flack, B. (2018). East Otago Taiāpure: sharing the underlying philosophies 26 years on. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research52(4), 577-589.

Jackson, A. M. (2018). How Tikanga Shapes Identity. Junctures: The Journal for Thematic Dialogue, (19), 19-22.

Desmond, M. J., Suárez-Jiménez, R., Nelson, W. A., & Hepburn, C. D. (2018). Epifaunal community structure within southern New Zealand kelp forests. Marine Ecology Progress Series596, 71-81.

Clapcott, J., Ataria, J., Hepburn, C., Hikuroa, D., Jackson, A. M., Kirikiri, R., & Williams, E. (2018). Mātauranga Māori: shaping marine and freshwater futures.

Jackson, A. M., Mita, N., & Hakopa, H. (2017). Hui-te-ana-nui: Understanding kaitiakitanga in our marine environment. University of Otago.

Desmond, M. J., Pritchard, D. W., & Hepburn, C. D. (2017). Light dose versus rate of delivery: implications for macroalgal productivity. Photosynthesis research132(3), 257-264.

Twist, B.; Rayment, W.; and Hepburn, C. (2016) Movement patterns of adult scallops (Pecten novaezealandiae) within a customary fisheries reserve: Implications for fine scale spatial management. Fisheries Research 174 160-166.

Stephens, T. A., & Hepburn, C. D. (2016). A kelp with integrity: Macrocystis pyrifera prioritises tissue maintenance in response to nitrogen fertilisation. Oecologia182(1), 71-84.

Phillips, C., Jackson, A. M., & Hakopa, H. (2016). Creation narratives of mahinga kai: Māori customary food gathering sites and practices. MAI Journal5(1), 65-75.

Mita, N., Flack, B., Flack, S., Ferrall-Heath, H., Jackson, A.-M., & Taiapa-Parata, W. (2016). Application of Māori worldview, connecting with Te Ao o Takaroa (Contribution to Māori and the natural world). Out & About, (32), 16-18.

Jackson, A. M., Mita, N., Kerr, H., Jackson, S., & Phillips, C. (2016). One day a waka for every marae: A southern approach to Maori water safety. New Zealand Physical Educator49(1), 26.

Jackson, A.-M. (2016). Ka ora te taiao, ka ora te tangata: A thriving environment, a thriving person [Guest]. Out & About, (32), 5-7. [Editorial].

Twist, B.; Hepburn, C.; and Rayment, W. (2015) Distribution of the New Zealand scallop (Pecten novaezealandiae) within and surrounding a customary fisheries area. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72(9).

Pritchard, D. W., Hurd, C. L., Beardall, J., & Hepburn, C. D. (2015). Restricted use of nitrate and a strong preference for ammonium reflects the nitrogen ecophysiology of a light‐limited red alga. Journal of phycology51(2), 277-287.

Jiménez, R. S., Hepburn, C. D., Hyndes, G. A., McLeod, R. J., Taylor, R. B., & Hurd, C. L. (2015). Do native subtidal grazers eat the invasive kelp Undaria pinnatifida?. Marine biology162(12), 2521-2526.

Jiménez, R. S., Hepburn, C. D., Hyndes, G. A., McLeod, R. J., & Hurd, C. L. (2015). Contributions of an annual invasive kelp to native algal assemblages: algal resource allocation and seasonal connectivity across ecotones. Phycologia54(5), 530-544.

Jackson, A. M., Hakopa, H., Jackson, S., Phillips, C., Karaka, D., Stevenson, K., … & Pocklington, H. (2015). TE KORONGA. www. indigenousdevelopment2014. ac. nz, 93.

Gnanalingam, G.; and Hepburn, C. (2015). Flexibility in temporary fisheries closure legislation is required to maximise success. Marine Policy 61: 39-45.

Desmond, M; Pritchard, D.W.; and Hepburn, C. (2015). Light Limitation within Southern New Zealand Kelp Forest Communities. PLoS ONE 10(4).

Stephens, T. A., & Hepburn, C. D. (2014). Mass-transfer gradients across kelp beds influence Macrocystis pyrifera growth over small spatial scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series515, 97-109.

Somerville, G. J., Krkosek, M., & Hepburn, C. D. (2014). A matrix model and elasticity analysis for New Zealand’s blackfoot pāua Haliotis iris. Fisheries research151, 158-168.

O’Connell-Milne, S.; and Hepburn, C.D. (2014). A harvest method informed by traditional knowledge maximises yield and regeneration post harvest for karengo (Bangiaceae). Journal of Applied Phycology 27(1):447-454.

James, R. K., Hepburn, C. D., Cornwall, C. E., McGraw, C. M., & Hurd, C. L. (2014). Growth response of an early successional assemblage of coralline algae and benthic diatoms to ocean acidification. Marine biology161(7), 1687-1696.

Cornwall, C. E., Boyd, P. W., McGraw, C. M., Hepburn, C. D., Pilditch, C. A., Morris, J. N., … & Hurd, C. L. (2014). Diffusion boundary layers ameliorate the negative effects of ocean acidification on the temperate coralline macroalga Arthrocardia corymbosa. PloS one9(5), e97235.

Somerville, G.; Krkosek, M; and Hepburn, C. (2013). A matrix model and elasticity analysis for New Zealand’s blackfoot paua Haliotis iris. Fisheries Research 151.

Pritchard, D. W., Hurd, C. L., Beardall, J., & Hepburn, C. D. (2013). Survival in low light: photosynthesis and growth of a red alga in relation to measured in situ irradiance. Journal of phycology49(5), 867-879.

McCarthy, A.; Hepburn, C.; Scott, N.; Schweikert, K.; and Moller, H. (2013) Local people see and care most? Severe depletion of inshore fisheries and its consequences for Māori communities in New Zealand. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 24(3).

Jackson, A. M. (2013). Erosion of Maori fishing rights in customary fisheries management. Waikato L. Rev.21, 59.

Jackson, A. (2013). A discursive analysis of rangatiratanga in a Mäori fisheries context. Mai Journal1(2), 3-17.

Desmond, M.; Mcleod, R.J; and Hepburn, C. (2013). Analysis of trace metal concentration in a degraded lagoon in East Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research (47)4

Cornwall, C. E., Hepburn, C. D., McGraw, C. M., Currie, K. I., Pilditch, C. A., Hunter, K. A., … & Hurd, C. L. (2013). Diurnal fluctuations in seawater pH influence the response of a calcifying macroalga to ocean acidification. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences280(1772), 20132201.

Cornwall, C. E., Hepburn, C. D., Pilditch, C. A., & Hurd, C. L. (2013). Concentration boundary layers around complex assemblages of macroalgae: Implications for the effects of ocean acidification on understory coralline algae. Limnology and Oceanography58(1), 121-130.

Chhun, S.; Thorsnes, P.; and Moller, H. (2013). Preferences for Management of Near-Shore Marine Ecosystems: A Choice Experiment in New Zealand. Resources 2(3) 406-438.

Chew, C. A., Hepburn, C. D., & Stephenson, W. (2013). Low-level sedimentation modifies behaviour in juvenile Haliotis iris and may affect their vulnerability to predation. Marine biology160(5), 1213-1221.

Craig, J.L; Moller, H.; Norton, D.A.; Saunders, D.; and Williams, M. (2013) Enhancing our Heritage: Conservation for 21st Century New Zealanders – Ways forward from the Tahi Group of Concerned Scientists. Pacific Conservation Biology, 19, 257-269.

Schweikert, K. and Burritt, D.J. (2012) The organophosphate insecticide Coumaphos induces oxidative stress and increases antioxidant and detoxification defences in the green macroalgae Ulva pertusa. Aquatic Toxicology, 122-123: 86-92.

Hepburn, C. D., Frew, R. D., & Hurd, C. L. (2012). Uptake and transport of nitrogen derived from sessile epifauna in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Aquatic Biology14(2), 121-128.

Dick, J., Stephenson, J., Kirikiri, R., Moller, H., and Turner, R. (2012) Listening to the Tangata Kaitiaki: Consequences of the loss of abundance and biodiversity in coastal ecosystems in Aotearoa New Zealand. MAI Journal 1: 117-130.

Richards, D. K., Hurd, C. L., Pritchard, D. W., Wing, S. R., & Hepburn, C. D. (2011). Photosynthetic response of monospecific macroalgal stands to density. Aquatic Biology13(1), 41-49.

Jackson, A. M. (2011). Ki uta ki tai: He taoka tuku iho(Doctoral dissertation, University of Otago).

Hurd, C. L., Cornwall, C. E., Currie, K., Hepburn, C. D., McGraw, C. M., Hunter, K. A., & Boyd, P. W. (2011). Metabolically induced pH fluctuations by some coastal calcifiers exceed projected 22nd century ocean acidification: a mechanism for differential susceptibility?. Global Change Biology17(10), 3254-3262.

Hepburn, C. D., Pritchard, D. W., Cornwall, C. E., McLeod, R. J., Beardall, J., Raven, J. A., & Hurd, C. L. (2011). Diversity of carbon use strategies in a kelp forest community: implications for a high CO2 ocean. Global Change Biology17(7), 2488-2497.

Jackson, A., Hepburn, C. D., & East Otago Taiāpure Management Committee. (2010, June). Rangatiratanga and customary fisheries management. In 4th International Traditional Knowledge Conference.

Hepburn, C., Jackson, A., Vanderburg, P., Kainamu, A., & Flack, B. (2010, June). Ki uta ki tai: From the mountains to the sea. Holistic approaches to customary fisheries management. In 4th International traditional knowledge conference (pp. 142-148).

Stephenson J, Moller H. (2009) Cross-cultural environmental research and management: challenges and progress. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 39 (4): 139-149.

Russell, L. K., Hepburn, C. D., Hurd, C. L., & Stuart, M. D. (2008). The expanding range of Undaria pinnatifida in southern New Zealand: distribution, dispersal mechanisms and the invasion of wave-exposed environments. Biological invasions10(1), 103-115.

Jackson, A. M. (2008). Towards understanding indigenous knowledge in environmental management practise: A discursive analysis of the East Otago taiāpure proposal. MAI Review LW1(1), 15.

Jackson, A. (2008). Epistemological assumptions and dual roles of community-centred researchers. Mai Review3, 1-6.


Chris Hepburn, Marine Sciences Department, University of Otago
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